About Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck
Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck
born 1.8.1744 in Bazentin-le-Petit (northern France) as the youngest of 11 children
went to Jesuit seminary in Amiens
1761-1766 service in the army (dropped out after an accident)
1766-1771 studied medicine and botany in Paris
was published (by the support of
Buffon), which included a new reliable
1779 appointment to the Academy of Science
1780/1781 tour through Europe to visit gardens and museums
1788 appointment for professorship for botany
appointment for professorship for insects and
worms at the 'Jardin des Plantes'
in Paris (later
first use of the word "biology" by Lamarck
married and widowed four times
since 1812 slow blindness
20.12.1829 death in Paris as relatively poor man
Lamarcks evolutionary theory
His work on fossils caused him to believe that living beings changed in the course of history. He was convinced that new species develop actively from existing species. 1809 his book "Philosophie zoologique" was published, which states his evolutionary theory. To his opinion, an environmental change caused a slow change of species. Use would cause a structure to increase in size over several generations, whereas disuse would cause it to shrink or even disappear. Those acquired features could be inherited. (Lamarckism).
Recherches sur les causes des principaux faits physiques, 2 vols., Paris 1794
Réfutations de la théorie pneumatique, Paris 1796
Tableau encyclopédique et méthodologique de la botanique, Paris I 1791, II 1823
(ed.) Annuaire Météorologique. 11 vols., Paris 1800-1810
Recherches sur l'organisation des corps vivants, Paris 1802
Hist. naturelle des végetaux [17 vols.], vol. 1 u. 2, Paris 1803 pp.
Philos. zoologique ou exposition des considérations relatives à l'hist. naturelle des animaux, 2 vols., Paris 1809
Système des animaux sans vertèbres, Paris 1809
Hist. des animaux sans vertèbres, 7 vols., Paris 1815-1822, 10 vols., Paris 1835-1840
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